Onutė Narbutaitė

Onutė Narbutaitė is one of only a small number of composers today whose music bears the mark of exceptional individuality and is recognisable from the very first bars of all her compositions. Besides the wide spectrum of various emotional states and feelings in Narbutaitė’s creative work what is also palpable is the sense of aristocratic moderation and a strong compositional discipline which only serve to enhance the emotional impact of the music. However, the constructive origin manifests itself not by systems of organisation of various musical parameters borrowed from others or created by her. Narbutaitė’s intellectual opuses do not remind one of ‘machine production’ but ‘hand work’ carried out with great precision. The rationality of her composition reveals itself through meticulously detailed textures, the precise proportions of smaller or larger sections and the overall form, as well as the not immediately perceptible  interplay of the most minor details. At the same time the abstract musical narrative is extremely expressive, coming into clear relief and often reminiscent of ‘something familiar.’ Perhaps the most apt description of her present work has been provided by the American musicologist Richard Taruskin: ‘Not “tonal”. Not “romantic”. Not “retro”. Consonant.’

Biography

Onutė Narbutaitė (b. 1956) is Lithuania’s best-known female composer. She learned the basics of composition from Bronius Kutavičius, graduating in 1979 from the Lithuanian State Conservatory (now the Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre) where she studied composition under Prof. Julius Juzeliūnas. From 1979 to 1982 she taught music theory and history at the Klaipėda Faculty of the Lithuanian State Conservatory. From 1982 she has concentrated solely on her creative work and lives in Vilnius.

In 1979 the composer was awarded the Lithuanian National Prize for her oratorio Centones meae urbi, termed by the Polish musicologist Andrzej Chłopecki a ‘historiosophic composition about Vilnius and the spirituality of that city.’ The cycle of symphonies Tres Dei Matris Symphoniae and the symphonic composition La barca were recognised as the best symphonic words in the 2004 and 2005 competitions organised by the Lithuanian Composers’ Union. In 2008 in the same competition in the vocal-choral music category her work Lapides, flores, nomina et sidera was chosen as the best (this All Souls’ project commissioned for the International Society for Contemporary Music (ISCM) World Music Days in Vilnius was performed by seven Vilnius choirs in various Vilnius churches and at the Bernardine Cemetery). In 2015, again in the same competition, Narbutaitė was chosen as Composer of the Year for her opera Kornetas (The Cornet) and the composition for chamber ensemble Was There a Butterfly?.

In 2004 Melody for symphony orchestra (the second part of her Symphony No. 2) was chosen as number one in the list of nine commended works at the 51st International Rostrum of Composers in Paris organised by UNESCO’s International Music Council and radio broadcasters on all five continents). In 2010 at the 57th International Rostrum of Composers held in Lisbon her symphonic composition krantas upė simfonija (riva fiume sinfonia) was in the top ten list of best compositions. Onutė Narbutaitė is also the recipient of the Lithuanian Association of Artists prize (2005), the St Christopher statue awarded by the Vilnius City Municipality, the highest honour it can bestow, for depicting Vilnius in her music (2008), the Gold Star awarded by the Lithuanian Copyright Protection Association (2015), as well as of other prizes.

Onutė Narbutaitė’s works, a large number of which has been specially commissioned, have been performed at various festivals: Gaida, the Vilnius Festival (1999, 2001, 2008), Warsaw Autumn (1994, 1997, 2007, 2013), Musica viva (Munich, 2005), MaerzMusik (Berlin, 2003), Klangspuren (Schwaz, 2004), ISCM World Music Days (Berne, 2004, Vilnius, 2008), Icebreaker II: Baltic Voices (Seattle, 2004), Pan Music Festival (Seoul, 2004, 2005), Est-Ovest (Turin, 2006), 22 Festival de Música (Alicante, 2006) Ars musica (Brussels, 2009), Frau musica nova (Cologne, 1998), Artgenda (Copenhagen, 1996), De Suite Muziekweek (Amsterdam, 1995), the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival (1992), the Helsinki Festival (1992), Music Harvest (Odense, 1992), the Czesław Miłosz centennial festival in Kraków (2011), the  El universo musical de Paul Klee series of concerts as part of the exhibition Paul Klee: maestro de la Bauhaus (Madrid, 2013), as well as many other festivals and concerts in Europe, the USA, and Canada. Her music, as the featured composer, has been more widely presented at some festivals, namely: Aboa musica (Turku, 2003), Kaustinen XX Chamber Music Week (1998), Europäisches Musikfest Münsterland (1999), the international summer arts school Synaxis Baltica (Görlitz, 2006), and the 10th Polish and Lithuanian Musicologists’ Conference (Kraków, 2006). Concerts devoted to just her works have been performed in Lithuania, as well as in Münster (2005), London (2013), and Vienna (2015).

Narbutaitė’s music has been performed by the Lithuanian National Symphony Orchestra, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, the BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sinfonia Varsovia, the Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, the Basel Sinfonietta, the Bern Symphony Orchestra, the Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, the Hradec Králové Philharmonic Orchestra, the Brandenburg State Orchestra, the Symphony Orchestra of the Kraków Music Academy, Sinfonietta Cracovia, the Tapiola Sinfonietta, the Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra, the Munich Chamber Orchestra, Ensemble Resonanz, the Amadeus Ensemble, various Lithuanian chamber orchestras including the St. Christopher, many other large collectives, as well as ensembles and soloists.

Onutė Narbutaitė’s compositions can be found on more than 30 CDs, released in Lithuania and abroad, amongst them 7 CDs of just her music. In 2006 a monograph by Audronė Žiūraitytė on the composer’s work Skiautinys mano miestui (A patchwork for my city; Vilnius: Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre, Lithuanian Composers’ Union, 2006) was published.

Still in the 1980s, Onutė Narbutaitė enjoyed the reputation of a composer of subtle chamber music. Her early opuses were suffused with depictions of ‘night’, ‘silence’, and ‘oblivion’; her compositions, unhurried in their flow, with their transparent textures and nostalgic in mood, not infrequently would remind one of the pages of a diary written with sounds. In the years following Lithuania’s independence the composer’s music underwent a significant transformation. Firstly, Narbutaitė devoted herself to large-scale symphonic and symphonic-vocal works (the oratorio Centones meae urbi, 1997; Symphony No. 2, 2001; Tres Dei Matris Symphoniae, 2003; La barca, 2005; krantas upė simfonija, 2007, and so on). In maintaining her undeniably creative independence, Narbutaitė has developed an expressive musical language, characterised by intellectualism  and structural thinking, expressive instrumentation and a haunting melodic quality, sounds stacked vertically one on top of the other, and an intense musical flow. The subtle sonic imagination in her music is in harmony with the rich cultural references to be found there.

In Lithuania and even beyond its boundaries the composer is still often present as a neo-romantic. Foreign critics in rejecting this ‘trade mark’ of neo-romanticism are helping her to throw off this label. For example, the French recording and distribution company Abeille Musique presents Narbutaitė in the following way: ‘In fact, we would be wasting our time in looking for combinations of classical tonality, and, moreover, she uses dissonance more often than consonance in her chords. Even though the ‘classical’ aspect of her style is in direct contradiction to the Boulez-Stockhausen type of avant-gardism, it also equally reflects a perfect contemporary language – there is nothing ‘retro’ there. After all, the term ‘romantic’ here could be applied only in describing the powerful emotion that emanates from this music, an emotion that is similar to that evoked by romantic music but achieved by completely different means, ones belonging to the 21st century.’

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